Atmospheric Sciences

The Earth's atmosphere extends from the crust to the edge of space, changing in pressure, temperature and composition with higher altitudes. Use Wolfram|Alpha to obtain information about the atmosphere, such as atmospheric layers, clouds, raindrops and variations in atmospheric pressure. Examine how the speed of sound changes at high altitude or the shape of raindrops alters with diameter.

Standard Atmosphere

Calculate typical properties, such as temperature, density and the speed of sound, for the atmosphere based on elevation.

Compute atmospheric properties for a given elevation:

Atmospheric Composition

Obtain information on the types and proportions of chemicals that make up the atmosphere of the Earth.

Get data on the composition of the atmosphere:


Calculate properties of raindrops of various sizes.

Investigate raindrops:

Compute properties of raindrops:

Determine raindrop size from the rate of rainfall:

Atmospheric Layers

Get data on properties of atmospheric layers, including speed of sound, air mass above and gravitational acceleration at that altitude.

Learn about the layers of the atmosphere:

Specify a layer by name:

Specify an altitude above the Earth:


Barometric Pressure

Compute atmospheric pressure at high altitudes.

Estimate barometric pressure:

Specify a location:

Carbon Footprints

Calculate greenhouse emissions of energy use, heating and travel.

Compute the carbon dioxide cost of heating a house:

Find carbon dioxide equivalents of chemicals:



  • Atmospheric Thermodynamics
  • Climate
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Tropical Storms
  • US Tornadoes
  • Volcanoes
  • Weather

  • Wolfram Language: StandardAtmosphereData
  • Clouds

    Obtain meteorological and atmospheric information about clouds, such as their heights and appearances.

    Get information about a type of cloud:

    Compute cloud base height: